Limestone rock - a source of high purity calcium carbonate
Limestone rock - a source of high purity calcium carbonate

Learn About Limestone

The world's most versatile mineral

Limestone is a common sedimentary rock composed primarily of the calcium carbonate mineral, calcite (CaCO3). Limestone constitutes approximately 10 percent of the sedimentary rocks exposed on the earth's surface.

Since the 17th century, the Peak District has been Britain's largest lime and limestone producer. The rich deposits of carboniferous limestone have provided – and are still providing – vast quantities of raw materials for use in industry.

About Derbyshire Limestone

This educational section of the site aims to give an overview of the geology of the Derbyshire Peak District and the origins of the Derbyshire Limestone industry as well as providing a glossary of limestone terms and a comprehensive listing of the many modern-day applications of limestone.

  • A-Z Glossary of Limestone Terms. An A-Z listing of terms and definitions relating to the geology, extraction, production physical properties, chemistry and applications of Derbyshire limestone, and products derived from limestone such as quicklime. Learn more.

  • Geology of Limestone in the Peak District. The Brassington Moor Quarry exploits strata that form part of the Bee Low Limestone Group. These are of carboniferous age and are some 330 million years old. They form one of Europe's purest deposits of natural calcium carbonate. Learn more.

  • The origins of the Derbyshire limestone industry. Since the 17th century, the Peak District has been Britain's largest lime and limestone producer. Today, 20 million tonnes of limestone are quarried annually for hundreds of uses. Learn more.

  • Glossary of Limestone Uses. Limestone is truly an exceptional material - a material of a thousand uses Few people realise the importance of Calcium Carbonate in their day to day lives. Almost every common household product contains the material in one form or another. Learn more.

Limestone is an exceptional material – believed by many to be the most versatile mineral in world.

Natural Chemistry...Pure Science

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